A New Tick Species in America is Growing Out of Control!
The winter is finally over, but the warmer weather has brought a new set of challenges for the people of New Jersey who are facing a tick problem which is multiplying quickly across the state.
New Jersey’s Tick Problem
In February 2018, Journal of Medical Entomology revealed that an exotic type of ‘uptick’ called the Longhorned tick had somehow found its way to New Jersey but the scientists hoped that it wouldn’t be able to outlive the cold winter. However, the New Jersey Department of Agriculture made an announcement on Friday to follow up on the tick situation – and unfortunately, the uptick miraculously survived the subfreezing temperatures and may have now become a permanent resident of the area.
According to the publication, the uptick was first observed last summer in the beginning of August. Apparently, the first case of upticks reported in the state came from a farmer in Hunterdon County who discovered that his Icelandic sheep named Hannah was covered with thousands of little creatures after he sheared her.
The disgruntled farmed hurried to the nearby health office in his county to report the incident. From what he told the health office, poor Hannah picked up a few of the little companion months ago and the ticks multiplied into thousands under her thick coat of wool without the farmer even realizing until he sheared her. Sounds scary, right?
Where did the Sheep Pick up the Tick?
Health experts who inspected Hannah were alarmed by the number of ticks that that taken over her entire body. What was even more disturbing about the situation was that the tick species found on Hannah wasn’t native to New Jersey – in fact, it was rarely found in the United States! New Jersey has its fair share of ticks but the most common species found in the state are Amblyomma americanum, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ixodes scapularis, and Ixodes scapularis.
The exotic species of tick recently discovered is native to East Asia, Pacific Islands, Australia, and New Zealand which is why scientists are perplexed how it travelled to a country so far from its normal habitat. The investigators asked the farmer if Hannah had been to another country but it turns out that the sheep isn’t very adventurous and has never traveled too far from home.
Hannah has hardly seen the world outside her small Hunterdon County; we hope the investigators checked her passport and frequent flier miles to ensure that the farmer was telling the truth. So how exactly did the ticks get inside the United States and find Hannah the sheep? Experts are trying to find an answer to the puzzling question.
Field Brimming with Larvae
The investigators who visited the Hunterdon property in October last year said that they were shocked by the tick infestation on the farm, and as soon as they had entered the paddock, the ticks had already crept up their legs. Apart from housing hundreds of fully grown ticks, Hannah’s body was brimming with other two stages of the small creatures including larva and nymph.
Most of the tick infestation was concentrated in Hannah’s ears and her face. Since these tiny living creatures love to hide and breed in obscure places, Hannah was the perfect candidate for the infestation with her thick coat of wool underneath which the Longhorn tick had excessively colonized. Majority of the adult ticks were found on Hannah whereas the rest of the field mostly contained larvae.
What the scientists found fascinating about the exotic tick was its ability to multiplies without mating which makes its infestation all the more dangerous. Experts expressed their concern about having to deal with another tick species which could spread in New Jersey and throughout the country. A tick infestation is never a good thing.
These little suckers – literally – attach themselves to human or animal skin and feed off their blood for days. Moreover, they could also transfer disease-causing microbes from one human or animal to another. Experts have washed the sheep with different chemicals in order to get rid of the tick infestation but even several months later, it has found a way to survive and is probably planning to hang around for a while.
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