Thyroid Disorders in Children: What Parents Need to Know
Thyroid disorders are not limited to adults; they can also affect children. The thyroid gland produces hormones that play a crucial role in growth and development, so any disruption to its function can have serious consequences for a child’s health. Here’s what parents need to know about thyroid disorders in children.
Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder in children. It occurs when the thyroid gland is not producing enough thyroid hormone. Children with hypothyroidism may experience developmental delays, poor growth, delayed puberty, and intellectual disability if left untreated. This condition can be caused by a congenital defect or an autoimmune disorder. Newborns are routinely screened for hypothyroidism, and early detection and treatment are critical to prevent long-term health problems.
Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, is less common in children than in adults. It occurs when the thyroid gland is producing too much thyroid hormone, leading to symptoms such as weight loss, increased heart rate, nervousness, and tremors. In children, hyperthyroidism can cause growth problems and delay in puberty. It can be caused by an autoimmune disorder or a benign tumor in the thyroid gland.
Diagnosis of thyroid disorders in children involves blood tests to measure the levels of thyroid hormones and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Treatment for hypothyroidism typically involves a daily dose of synthetic thyroid hormone. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove a part of the thyroid gland. Treatment for hyperthyroidism may involve medication to block the production of thyroid hormone or radioactive iodine therapy to destroy the overactive thyroid tissue.
Parents can help prevent thyroid disorders in children by ensuring adequate iodine intake, as iodine is a key nutrient for thyroid function. Foods such as dairy products, seafood, and iodized salt can provide adequate iodine. If parents notice any signs of thyroid disorder in their children, they should consult their healthcare provider promptly to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment.
More in Medical Conditions
Are Weight Loss Medications Worth Taking?
Body weight and obesity are one of the growing concerns in the U.S. nowadays. A recent report from CDC suggests that...August 29, 2022
Can Acupuncture Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes?
In today’s world, health conditions like cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and diabetes are becoming more and more common. It is extremely important...August 16, 2022
A Stark Realization: Your Body & Mind Function In Sync
Seemingly, the days of COVID are gone; with the cases of COVID patients decreasing throughout the United States, you can breathe...August 11, 2022
Research Shows That Americans Still Have Low Health Insurance Literacy
One would think that in 2020, of all the years, healthcare would have been top of mind of the American healthcare...August 1, 2022
3 Quick Tips To Burn Calories & Lose Belly Fat In No Time
Maintaining normal physical well-being is one of the major concerns today. More than ever before, today, everyone has this unwavering desire...July 18, 2022
The Recent Hepatitis A Outbreak Is Associated With Store-Bought Organic Strawberries
When it comes to strawberries, you think about strawberry jam, strawberry ice cream, strawberry milkshakes, etc., but you surely don’t think...July 13, 2022
Tips To Prioritize Your Mental Health This Summer
It is exciting to welcome the summer season after non-ending Covid restrictions. Over the last two-and-a-half years, people from all walks...July 11, 2022
Critical Factors To Consider While Choosing A Health Insurance Policy
It is no longer a secret that you should have a sensible health insurance policy, regardless of your gender and professional...June 27, 2022
A Doctor Shares His ‘Unbelievable Story’ Of Losing 220 Pounds In No Time
Losing weight is one of the foremost objectives of many. After all, no one would like to move around with a...June 26, 2022